Tuesday, March 13, 2012

Field Atillery:

The U.S. 155mm howitzer

A U.S. howitzer in action

Two soldiers carry a crate of
artillery ammunition

In the second World War, artillery was beginning to get more advanced. The day of the classic cannon-on-wagon-wheels was over; and the age of modern artillery had begun. 

A U.S. howitzer in the Pacific Theatre,
Second World War

 One common piece of artillery in WWII was the 155 millimeter howitzer. A howitzer is a multi-purpose gun; it can fire direct, shooting strait ahead at a visible target, or it can fire indirect, firing upwards into the air so the shell can come down on top of a target. 
Allied artillery giving indirect fire
in France, 1944
Direct fire was commonly used against walls or in defense; indirect fire could attack enemy-held hilltop positions. That made it a very popular weapon.

Two U.S. Artillerymen load and prepare to
fire their 155 mm howitzer

 Artillery pieces were often named according to what size of ammunition it used. The shell (bomb) fired by this particular gun had a diameter of 155mm. Hence it's name, the 155mm howitzer.
Securing the fold-out legs of a 155mm howitzer in
preparation to fire

Bombs away! A 155mm howitzer in the
Korean War

Artillery position, South Pacific Theatre, WWII